History of Fireworks in India ...

In early part of 19th century, `Bhakthapu' or Bengal Lights, the small mudpot, emanating bright yellow lights, became the first ever firework manufactured in India. The first Fireworks factory in India was set up at Calcutta by Mr.Das Gupta. Initially, he experimented with colour matches and later with gerbs, fountains and large size crackers. Subsequently, the focus of the fireworks industry shifted from Calcutta to Sivakasi, thanks to the enterprising efforts of Mr. Shanmugam Nadar and Mr. Iya Nadar. Restrictions in import during the Second World war, posed a challenge to the local industry, which took the first step in indigenising various products. During the year 1940, the Indian Explosives Act was enforced whereby a system of licensing was introduced for manufacture, possession and sale of fireworks. This Act paved the way for organised sectors in the Industry. Sivakasi, soon became a home for fireworks.

Safety...

Preparing fireworks at Sayn Castle, Germany Improper use of fireworks may be dangerous, both to the person operating them (risks of burns and wounds) and to bystanders; in addition, they may start fires after landing on flammable material. For this reason, the use of fireworks is generally legally restricted. Display fireworks are restricted by law for use by professionals; consumer items, available to the public, are smaller versions containing limited amounts of explosive material to reduce potential danger. Fireworks may pose a problem for animals, both domestic and wild, who can be terrified by the noise, leading to them running away or hurting themselves on fences or in other ways in an attempt to escape.